In 111 BC, Vietnam became part of the Chinese Empire. The tunnels were used by Viet Cong guerrillas as hiding spots during combat, as well as serving as communication and supply routes, hospitals, food and weapon caches and living quarters for numerous guerrilla fighters. Vietnam and America: A Documented History. Vietnam War memory quiz – events 1946-1964, Vietnam War memory quiz – events 1965-1975, Vietnam War memory quiz – terms and concepts (I), Vietnam War memory quiz – terms and concepts (II), Edict of Emperor Minh Mang against Christians in Vietnam (1833), The suicide note of Hanoi governor Hoang Dieu (1882), Augustine Heard, an American traveller, reports on Indochina (1886), Anonymous poem about French oppression in Vietnam (1900), Conscription of Vietnamese peasants for service in World War I (1916), Ho Chi Minh seeks Vietnamese independence in Paris (1919), Ho Chi Minh on the founding of the Inodchinese Communist Party (1930), A report into French atrocities in Vietnam (1933), Ho Chi Minh recalls his conversion to Leninism (1967), Ho Chi Minh calls for Vietnamese unity against the French (February 1930), Viet Minh call to arms against the Japanese (March 1945), Ho Chi Minh’s declaration of independence for Vietnam (September 1945), Final declaration of the Geneva Conference on Indochina (July 1954), Pham Van Dong (North Vietnam) on Geneva and Vietnamese independence (July 1954), The White House’s response to the Geneva declaration (July 1954), Eisenhower’s letter of support to Ngo Dinh Diem (October 1954), An American press report on the Binh Xuyen (April 1955), Ngo Dinh Diem explains why he rejects national elections (July 1955), Le Duan: ‘The path of revolution in the South’ (1956), Ngo Dinh Diem addresses a joint session of the US Congress (1957), US security briefings on Ngo Dinh Diem and his regime (1958-1960), Ngo Dinh Diem decrees the death sentence for a wide range of crimes (May 1959), The Caravelle Manifesto criticises Diem and his regime (April 1960), Eisenhower praises the progress in South Vietnam (October 1960), John F. Kennedy’s inauguration speech (January 1961), John F. Kennedy addresses the UN on Laos and Vietnam (September 1961), Rusk and McNamara urge US involvement in Vietnam (November 1961), General Taylor’s recommendations for US action in Vietnam (November 1961), Kennedy pledges support for Diem and South Vietnam (December 1961), Kennedy responds to a question on Vietnam (February 1962), Program of the National Liberation Front or Viet Cong (1962), A US intelligence report on the Buddhist crisis in South Vietnam (July 1963), ‘Cable 243’ discusses the removal of Ngo Dinh Diem (August 1963), McNamara and Taylor’s report on South Vietnam (October 1963), NSC memorandum on US policy in South Vietnam, The US Congress’ Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (August 1964), US Senate debate on the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (August 1964), McGeorge Bundy memo on attacking North Vietnam (February 1965), President Johnson justifies American involvement in Vietnam (April 1965), Robert McNamara proposes increases in US troops in Vietnam (July 1965), A CIA report on Viet Cong weaknesses and vulnerabilities (July 1965), A US intelligence report on Soviet aid to North Vietnam (November 1965), US Military Assistance Command memo on winning the Vietnam War (September 1965), Le Duan reminds communist agents in the South of tactics (November 1965), General Vo Nguyen Giap on why the US will lose in Vietnam (1966), Lyndon Johnson on the political aims of the Vietnam War (June 1966), A Viet Cong guerrilla tells of the Tet offensive (1968), An Australian press report on the Tet offensive (February 1968), An American reporter discusses South Vietnamese military weaknesses (1973), An American general reflects on US and North Vietnamese tactics (1984), A Viet Cong member reflects on the movement’s approach to war (1985), Robert McNamara reflects on America’s failures in Vietnam (1995), A journalist reports on the ‘fragging’ of American officers and NCOs (January 1972), Ron Ridenhour letter to the US Congress exposing My Lai (March 1969), Quotations about the massacre at My Lai hamlet (1968), Seymour Hersh breaks the story of the My Lai killings (1969), PFC Paul Meadlo recalls his role in the killings at My Lai (November 1969), Cross examination of Lieutenant William Calley (1970), Cross examination of Captain Ernest Medina (1970), Muhammad Ali explains his refusal to fight in Vietnam (March 1967), Martin Luther King’s ‘Beyond Vietnam’ speech (April 1967), An American draft-dodger explains his actions (1967), Robert F. Kennedy’s Kansas State University speech (March 1968), John Kerry anti-war testimony to the US Senate (April 1971), ‘Hanoi Jane’ Fonda’s broadcast from North Vietnam (August 1972), Noam Chomsky on the meaning of Vietnam (1975), Richard Nixon announces his policy of Vietnamisation (November 1969), A broadcast by Viet Cong propagandist ‘Hanoi Hannah’ (April 1970), Richard Nixon announces the deployment of US troops in Cambodia (April 1970), North Vietnamese peace proposal (June 1971), US news report on the signing of the Paris peace agreement (January 1973), Excerpts from the Paris Peace Accords (January 1973), The War Powers Act curtails the president’s authority to wage war (November 1973), A US intelligence briefing on the military situation in Vietnam (August 1974), South Vietnam’s president Nguyen Van Thieu resigns (April 1975), The inauguration speech of Duong Van Minh (April 1975), US news report on the imminent fall of Saigon (April 1975), President Gerald Ford on America’s post-Vietnam recovery (April 1975). Imperial War Museum: Posters of … This was a smart way of trying to win the war, but caused a lot of dislike and distrust to our Government. Combined Arms Research Library. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. US Department of Defence pamphlet: Know Your Enemy: the Viet Cong (March 1966) Viet Cong vēĕt´ kông , officially Viet Nam Cong San [Vietnamese Communists], People's Liberation Armed Forces in South Vietnam. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The Vietcong tactics in Vietnam can be summed up by the acronym PEG - Peasants, Enemy and Guerilla. In contrast to this, the Americans used tactics such as 'Search and Destroy' which heavily increased support for the Vietcong due to the ridiculous amount of damage and unnecessary casualties of the peasants. And while U.S. forces were establishing a foothold and then hunting down Viet Cong elements, the Viet Cong were digging literally hundreds of miles of tunnels that they could use to safely store supplies, move across the battlefield in secret, and even stage ambushes against U.S. troops. The term Việt cộng appeared in Saigon newspapers beginning in 1956. McNamara and Taylor’s report on South Vietnam (October 1963) US news report on the imminent fall of Saigon (April 1975) With the most advanced efforts of the U.S., these primitive tactics still proved effective in combat. For more information, visit Alpha History or our Terms of Use. U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee, The Human Cost of Communism in Vietnam (1972), part I, part II, part III, and part IV. For example, the search Subject: sources AND (Subject: (viet OR vietnam*) produces books including: History : Military: Primary Sources -- WWII. North Vietnamese peace proposal (June 1971) A report into French atrocities in Vietnam (1933) The Vietnam War. Many of the tactics that the Viet Cong employed were absolutely brutal. They took rice from villagers at gunpoint, carried out incredible numbers of targeted assassinations against people who supported the South Vietnamese government, and perpetrated the Hue Massacre during the Tet Offensive , in which anywhere from 3,000 to 6,000 civilians and prisoners of war were summarily … This was achieved in 938 AD. Primary Source: New York Times' Article on Tribute to Vietnam Dead Go to The Vietnam War After American Involvement: Help and Review Vietcong: Definition & Tactics Related Study Materials John F. Kennedy addresses the UN on Laos and Vietnam (September 1961) Their … Program of the National Liberation Front or Viet Cong (1962) US security briefings on Ngo Dinh Diem and his regime (1958-1960) Largely due to its use by leaders like Mao Zedong in China and Ho Chi Minh in North Vietnam, guerrilla warfare is generally thought of in the West only as a tactic of communism. General Sources ... civil war, history, military history, vietnam war, world war i, world war ii, wwii. Réédition d’un texte important d’Oriana Fallaci sur la guerre du Viêt-Nam. The White House’s response to the Geneva declaration (July 1954) A research guide to primary and secondary sources for military history. It is a contraction of Việt Nam Cộng-sản (Vietnamese communist), or alternatively Việt gian cộng sản ("Communist Traitor to Vietnam"). During the early years of the Vietnam War, insurgency and guerrilla warfare was the Viet Cong’s main tactics. Largest online source for information on the Vietnam War. The earliest citation for Viet Cong in English is from 1957. of Texas at Arlington) With the exception of primary sources, all content on this website is © Alpha History 2018. US tactics adopted in order to counter the increasing occurance of Viet Cong mortar and recoilless rifle attacks on static installations in Vietnam. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution . Subject listings of primary sources available online: free web collections as well as UCSD subscription-based resources. Ancestry. In 1975, the reunification of Vietnam was accomplished when North Vietnam invaded and defeated South Vietnam. The inauguration speech of Duong Van Minh (April 1975) En Español The war in Vietnam has been described as the first "living room war"—meaning combat was seen on TV screens and newspapers on a daily basis. A Viet Cong guerrilla tells of the Tet offensive (1968) "Cu Chi, Vietnam - Lonely Planet." How effective were the tactics used by the US during the Vietnam War? The Viet Cong and the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN or North Vietnamese Army) used well-organized logistics methods to supply and equip their fighting forces. INTRODUCTION The issue of how best to deal with the difficult problem of defending static installations against Viet Cong mortar and recoilless rifle attacks was one that occupied a prominent position in the minds of US strategists. An American draft-dodger explains his actions (1967) Other areas of the site contain secondary-source content, so be careful to distinguish between the two. Ho Chi Minh on the founding of the Inodchinese Communist Party (1930) There were three phases of fighting during the offensive: Largest online source for information on the Vietnam War. Primary Sources Online - Vietnam War Virtual Vietnam Archive. A project of the Yale Law School’s Lillian Goodman Law Library, The Avalon Project collects primary sources in law, history and diplomacy ranging from 400 B.C.E. The most admirable thing about this fall's PBS series on the Vietnam War is the way in which it forces American audiences to confront the genius of North Vietnam's strategy. Feb 27, 2017 - Explore Ari L.'s board "Vietnam War Primary Sources" on Pinterest. Excerpts from the Paris Peace Accords (January 1973) By 1964 the VC, supported by smaller numbers of NVA, were increasingly effective, conducting attacks in regimental strength. A US intelligence briefing on the military situation in Vietnam (August 1974) Ho Chi Minh calls for Vietnamese unity against the French (February 1930) Lonely Planet, 3 Mar. Notes - Title from news agency caption. - No. Additionally, the guerilla nature of the Viet Cong troops and the non-uniformity of many North Vietnamese forces makes it difficult to speak of their equipment in comparison to the United States. After the debacle of the broad Tet Offensive, the Viet Cong had returned to guerrilla tactics and tended to avoid direct encounters with U.S. forces. 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