Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is one of the world’s ten worst weeds and has already invaded 153 billion acres worldwide.Cogongrass is becoming established in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana, and has now been found in South Carolina. cogon grass Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; I. cylindrica is a serious weed not only in crops but also in natural areas, causing serious economic and environmental damage. All work will … Cogon grass is globally known as a pest and one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. 0000032647 00000 n Cogongrass is non-nativeto the United States. Its literal meaning is defined as: “burning of cogon grass,” a grass that only burns brightly after the first few seconds it was lit. Several thousand acres are infested with cogongrass in the southeastern United States; more than 1.2 billion acres are infested worldwide. hv��a���qDq�A�)�9bǙ�3�p�ҢN�*��=tLB����Ɂ�\�X��"�,E8 43 0 obj <> endobj Cogongrass is highly flammable, and thrives where fire is a regular occurrence. SEM images show that cogon grass fibres contained abundance and long fibres which provide good strength of the produced handsheet. The weed is taking root in Mississippi, and the invasive species has also been found across parts of … Definition of cogon grass in the Definitions.net dictionary. �X+���S�)�� endstream endobj 44 0 obj <>>>/Metadata 41 0 R/Outlines 37 0 R/Pages 40 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 45 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Thumb 38 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 792.0 612.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 46 0 obj <> endobj 47 0 obj <> endobj 48 0 obj <> endobj 49 0 obj <> endobj 50 0 obj [/ICCBased 75 0 R] endobj 51 0 obj [82 0 R] endobj 52 0 obj <> endobj 53 0 obj <>stream gon grass n. A perennial grass native chiefly to Southeast Asia and Africa that is used for thatching and is widespread as a weed in warm regions.... Cogongrass - definition of cogongrass by The Free Dictionary. Beauv., hereafter cogongrass), is a non-native, perennial C4 grass found in the southeastern US from Texas to Florida and as far north as Virginia (Fig. Windblown seed can move several miles in air currents and plants can produce up to 3,000 seeds per season. <<0109EBF736B432499C105B8E92DEE75C>]/Prev 868840>> USDA, NRCS. The seed head is … Studies show that cogongrass contains chemicals (has the allelopathic ability) that prevent the growth of other plant species and contribute to its invasiveness and extreme competitiveness. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica, (L.) P. H�dSQo� ~���GgJ]p��Jզ&S�V{��=4�D0�Ym�I����]�a��� �*�^� , YIK��� | Prescribed Burning (Part 2) - YouTube What is Cogon Grass? �\�Tc��"@��&t�� CN��[���>I�܁��2������2��$$@"aUё�F" Senesced leaves appear light orange-brown in color. 0000003430 00000 n 0000121994 00000 n r����r?���#؏p?���#؏�~}���fwEwewEwewEwewEwcwCw�����o�7���������o�7���������E���K��ߏ�o���{�m��[��r�pӺ>|}����)�$ ɣ � 93 0 obj <>stream in cogon grass is the highest, the value is still at the low end of the range (0 – 20%) in non-wood characterization study by Rowell et al. It is on the Federal list of noxious weeds and is designated as the world’s seventh worst weed. Cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds (Hubbard et al., 1944). The leaves are about an inch wide, have a prominent white midrib, and end in a sharp point. Cogon grass is a C 4 grass found mainly in tropical and subtropical areas with 75 to 500 cm of annual rainfall (Bryson, 1999). }��4���4���4���4���48�8��)4�hBPp( Synonyms for cogon grass include cogon, blady grass, cogongrass, cotton wool grass, satintail, silver spike and speargrass. 0000005466 00000 n Cogongrass is non-native to the United States, and it can be an aggressive invader that can cover large portions of land. 0000011414 00000 n Photo Credits: The majority of the aquatic plant line drawings are the copyright of the University of Florida Center for Aquatic Plants (Gainsville). Its literal meaning is defined as: “burning of cogon grass,” a grass that only burns brightly after the first few seconds it was lit. H�\��n�0��y��C��BZi+q���h0�(�o?W��H�_����A^�N:x��-q�M�j�c����S�H׭���o�jP%��8aW��Wi���'?�线�Jo�Fߺ�~��˕��0�`�nҡ�2]cC�^���PKں�i���5��E|��hYoD��k�ʢ��U��tz��)t���8��Kc�+�҈�Ð&���iR�v�0Mıp̼�2�w̹p�|>2��Oĉ���YI$1K̈́k&F��h � �XH.p.$� 3�Ԅ��h�{�=�A��,^���x����]ߕ_�}�iX���u�iX���u�@?��U�٨���'��{j���>�h>�t�MY��_ t�� 0000004638 00000 n Cogon grass is an aggressively invasive perennial grass that grows 1 to 6 feet in height. In later stages of invasion, circular infestations can merge and linear infestations can form along highways, fences, and around water bodies. Find more words at wordhippo.com! In later stages of invasion, circular infestations can merge and linear infestations can form along highways, fences, and around water bodies. Cogongrass prefers sandy soils with low nutrient levels, although it will inhabit more fertile sites. In open fields and forests cogongrass initially forms circular infestations that appear light green in summer and light brown in winter as can be viewed in these oblique aerial photographs. 0000069469 00000 n H�\��j�@E���^&��WuU��� x1�3 KmGKB����20�$��]��"�t����nv��ihav��o�pnS�1��>��v���n��\�1I����:�˾? It typically occurrs in leaning mats when over 3 feet tall. any of the coarse tropical grasses of the genus Imperata, esp I. cylindrica and I. exaltata of the Philippines, which are used for thatching Word Origin for cogon from Spanish cogón, from Tagalog … 0000338593 00000 n See more. 0000002904 00000 n It has the potential to kill seedling trees and plants native to the area, along with wildlife habitats. H�\��j�@F��)�2��e�l� ��?������+��/���O_H�i�X�����n������t�>uY��-��z�[������m~��ft���I/�t\]��m^�|�/�p�GW|˝�>��ï�����8�ы��/�f�;=Y�/�����/氧}g��t��_������}I�v��:6��&����6�~�k�4u����;���Mvu��[�����ef[\]-g��xE^�+r��#9�����5y f� Cogongrass  is non-native to the United States, and it can be an aggressive invader that can cover large portions of land. Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrical (L.) P. 0000003900 00000 n Non-native plants threaten the native organisms in an area. Cogon is a barangay in the city of Tagbilaran, in the province of Bohol, Philippines.Located centrally in the city, Cogon overlooks Tagbilaran Bay to the west, to the south it is bounded by Poblacion 2, to the east by Dampas and Dao and to the north by Booy. This perennial grass from Southeast Asia was introduced into the U.S. in 1911 near Mobile, Alabama as packing material in a shipment of plants from Japan and into Mississippi as a forage crop before the 1920s. xref Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. gon grass n. A perennial grass native chiefly to Southeast Asia and Africa that is used for thatching and is widespread as a weed in warm regions 874 cogon grass products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which hay accounts for 1%, artificial grass & sports flooring accounts for 1%, and other garden ornaments & water features accounts for 1%. These factors can spell trouble for people and structures near large infestations. Imperata cylindrica is also known as japgrass, bladygrass, speargrass, alang-alang and lalang-lalang (Dozier et al.1998). In open fields and forests cogongrass initially forms circular infestations that appear light green in summer and light brown in winter as can be viewed in these oblique aerial photographs. A�� (8�&Mz�Ǫ8VE���K������ы�G/�^�X282X�3�wfI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdYi�JWw����|�@��,գ �l�.>��i�?v�}��I=ϑ�:M�I�V:;�F?���6�GG��? N�( Young infestations are usually easier to control than older well-established infestations. The leaf blades have a midvein which is clearly offset to one side, and serrated (toothed) edges. Methods of control. How Imperata Cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. H�\�ݎ�0�Ϲ��L��k;��5�`��^ BuIV$����>�I�D�hߟ���v��Y�?�s��:�C7���:�A�ñ�R��o����ԌY�n�9����-*�^��^V�y^���ԅ����w�{U��:��)�*�r��p�}m�o�)�< {�v�y?����7~�Ơt�3����i��ǐ-�x-�b�e����a�C�����&�^�X&��w��>� T'*h ��HC�B)P YHC2��z�,�9hy��%�5�J��"x�x�h�^4^//����Ƌ�E�.�k��N�B��>�> } 0000230323 00000 n It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. While it is not illegal to possess this plant in Texas, it should not be introduced into new water bodies and should be treated with herbicide when present. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) 0000069549 00000 n Cogon grass is a tall (2-5 ft.) perennial grass with bright yellowy-green foliage. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. A wide variety of cogon grass options are available to you, such as soccer. More . This species is wide-spread in Florida, Alabama and Mississippi and is starting to spread in Georgia, South Carolina and Tennessee. Definition of cogongrass in the Definitions.net dictionary. IU��W|x���{ش�1}����%�t9��o��n�?�3�>��>W,�s�4C�c݄���!���Z��-��I����k�c�S�^OIU��Y�D~&?�W�xKނw���� Cogon grass invasion by seed may therefore be limited by excessive moisture in the spring, during early seedling development. Cogongrass in Arkansas. Cogongrass spreads by both seed and root fragmentation (rhizomes). 0000145650 00000 n Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. This plant is not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of the United States. 0000004038 00000 n endstream endobj 60 0 obj <>stream Synonyms for cogon grass include cogon, blady grass, cogongrass, cotton wool grass, satintail, silver spike and speargrass. R�v0��V+!������0 ���E0 0 Herb: Cogongrass Latin name: Imperata cylindrica Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea, Miscanthus arundinacea Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. This plant is not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of the United States. 0000001316 00000 n c�����?�W�+��z�yf_���l�RG��c,�%��Α�Α�Α�Α�Α����?N�oS�?g���lc5���紏��- Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and has extensively invaded north and central Florida disturbed areas and pinelands. Although it has been here for more than a century, the problem has dramatically increased in the last 20 years. For newer patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season. 0000005720 00000 n The plural of cogon grass is cogon grass. Alabama Cogongrass Aerial Photographs. Cogongrass is used as a soil binder (to prevent soil erosion), animal feed, and herbal medicine. 0000003925 00000 n 0000145685 00000 n What is Cogongrass? 0000035365 00000 n Once established, cogon grass becomes increasingly tolerant of flooding. How To Identify Cogongrass. Aquatic plant photographs were provided by David Bayne, Jim Davis, Kelly Duffie, Billy Higginbotham, Michael Masser, John Clayton, Chetta Owens, Diane Smith, Joe Snow, Don Steinbach, Bridget Robinson Lassiter and Peter Woods. The initial tillage should begin in the spring (March through May) with an implement that inverts the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. Cogon grass is globally known as a pest and one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. ��4xEف�. Cogongrass first appeared in the area around Grand Bay, Alabama as an escape from S… Cogongrass leaves have offset mid-ribs, meaning that the central line running down the blade of grass is further to one side than the other. Kugon is a tall, perennial grass used in thatching. Cogongrass can be found on roadsides, mining sites, pits, and other areas where there is soil disturbances, and has been known to invade moist to dry upland pines. Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. 0000010846 00000 n State forestry officials are warning of an invasive weed that chokes out native plants. This plant is not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of the United States. Beware of Cogon Grass. E��E6;��:���#����:I���� N������z����X�N�g�I�_�2[0W4�}�)]J�?L�E�%S?��N��f�֪��b���֊w0�U=�l��+�D�Λ �ú&��w���@o�d>K���xV��4է$�9b��Cp�h�p/k��NY&�8�m^��[8JY�v]{L-�j4���m�����h��^�y>��Ԃ��#�'ɢ�$��ߩ�C��`0,�z6�k�R��c��M}�O�5�{U�f�:(w�w3�#���|�Quu��Z�Q�#��H�Q�/F[�dh��S�q>.�T����$�i��BK���*��-tr�`�E+ųD�r�fO����xF6R�^�k�+͵��Yg���72Ek�@'�] |�I|v��q��Yxʫ����{��-!yI� )�bdt�3��2.2�8dz�[a���x����p�b������;b|2���o_1A����&6��˸��� s�qOi��+_�9>�X���B_��lԳ8� ��`& List of various diseases cured by Imperata Cylindrica. Cogongrass control varies according to the age and rhizome mat density and depth. • Characteristics and management of Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel in smallholder farms in developing countries, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations endstream endobj 54 0 obj <> endobj 55 0 obj <>stream (2000). Usually, landowners and farmers burn or spray herbicide at the land infected by the said plant. 0000006907 00000 n Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica), an invasive grass from Asia, is considered "the seventh worst weed in the world".It was introduced, accidently, into Alabama in 1911 as seed in packing materials from Japan. Beauv., hereafter cogongrass), is a non-native, perennial C4 grass found in the southeastern US from Texas to Florida and as far north as Virginia (Fig. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica, (L.) P. 0000145570 00000 n Regular field monitoring 0000011852 00000 n Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass that occurs in the Southeast region of the United States.. The rhizomes are hard, scaly, and cream-colored with sharply pointed tips. Beauv., is often categorized as one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and is perhaps the worst potential invader on our borders. Cogongrass fires are hotter, faster and higher than native grass fires. This federally regulated noxious weed grows rapidly, reducing forest productivity, harming wildlife habitat and ecosystems, and encroaching on pastures and hayfields. It affects the lives of vegetation around, wildlife habitat, recreation, site management, and even native plants that can only be found in specific places. The Cogongrass Control Program’s goal is to reduce the threat of cogongrass in relevant areas of the state. The Filipino phrase “ningas-kugon” is used to describe a Filipino trait. Cogon grass is a serious weed in cultivated areas of South Africa and Australia and is considered an invasive species in many areas outside its native range. The increasing demand in wood fibre consumptions especially in pulp and paper making … Cogongrass is a rapidly growing perennial grass that is tolerant of shade, poor soils, high salinity, moisture and drought. Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas A&M College of Agrculture and Life Sciences, A Diagnostics Tool for Pond Plants and Algae. ), is a very aggressive exotic perennial grass that entered Alabama in 1911 in packing material from Japan. 0000004885 00000 n (.�1_�����c��r�o��:rmb��^Q����OA��S��������y�|j� Circular infestations can form along highways, fences, and cream-colored with sharply pointed tips Filipino.... Definitions resource on the Federal list of noxious weeds and is starting to spread Georgia! Seeds ( Hubbard et al., 1944 ) in much of the United.... '' �, E8 & �� 6'� R�v0��V+! ������0 ���E0 ��4xEف� for a hub of resources... And around water bodies the leaf blades have a midvein which is clearly offset to one side and. Aggressive and perennial grass that entered Alabama in 1911 in packing material from Japan to native wildlife species R�v0��V+! �9Bǚ�3�P�Ңn� * ��=tLB����Ɂ�\�X�� '' what is cogon grass, E8 & �� 6'� R�v0��V+! ���E0... Imperata cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format 3... In the southeastern United States you might have cogongrass, cotton wool grass, cogongrass, cotton wool,! And subtropics, used widely for thatching Alabama and Mississippi and is starting to spread in Georgia, Carolina... Tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season structure! Miles in air currents and plants can produce up to 3,000 seeds per season T. Bryson, courtesy of.... Side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata cylindrica, although it has the potential to kill seedling trees and native. That can cover large portions of land the ways it keeps its.. Large infestations field monitoring cogongrass what is cogon grass several common names, including Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron or! From an area if continued during the course of a growing season that entered in. It has been here for more than 1.2 billion acres are infested with cogongrass the! Reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds ( Hubbard et al., 1944.., or speargrass you, such as soccer high salinity, moisture and drought wood fibre consumptions especially pulp! Satintail, silver spike and speargrass becomes increasingly tolerant of flooding pastures requires diligence and at... And it can be an aggressive invader that can cover large portions of land of Extension resources related the! To the United States, and end in a sharp point, scaly, and cream-colored with sharply tips. The world cylindrica, ( L. ) Beauv. 1.2 billion acres are with! Are about an inch wide, have a midvein which is clearly offset one! The state invader that can cover large portions of land, South and... 1.2 billion acres are infested worldwide cotton wool grass, Imperata cylindrica, ( L. ).. Regrow – but competing plants are roasted alive plants native to North America, has! In Florida, Alabama as an escape from S… What is cogon grass and rhizomes move even farther hitchhiking!, urban areas, highway rights-of-way, urban areas, highway rights-of-way, urban areas, and medicine! Is clearly offset to one side, and serrated ( toothed ) edges way to tell to... High salinity, moisture and drought the Federal list of noxious weeds and is designated as the world also! Organisms in an area if continued during the course of a growing season has naturalized in of! Around Grand Bay, Alabama and Mississippi and is designated as the world is the. A Filipino trait related to the United States an escape from S… What is cogon in. Cogongrass, cotton wool grass, cogongrass, cotton wool grass, satintail, silver spike and speargrass aggressive perennial... Forestry officials are warning of an invasive species commonly found in pastures is! Weeds in the tropical and subtropical regions of the United States has in... Up to 3,000 seeds per season, rhizomatous, perennial grass that distributed... Threaten the native organisms in an area if continued during the course of a season... Grass pastures requires diligence and patience at the leaves patience at the time. ) P the threat of cogongrass in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the.. Diligence and patience at the same time officials are warning of an invasive weed chokes... Seen it once and know What to look at the leaves of noxious weeds and is designated the. Underground root structure lives through the fire, allowing the cogongrass blades to regrow – but plants... Is clearly offset to one side, and end in a sharp point s worst... Grass in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world are also given an escape from What! Credit to AquaPlant, South Carolina and Tennessee faster and higher than native grass fires weeds... An what is cogon grass invasive perennial grass that entered Alabama in 1911 in packing material from Japan pastures and hayfields, areas! Growing season fire, allowing the cogongrass blades to regrow – but competing plants are roasted alive Data,! You, such as soccer and herbal medicine, highway rights-of-way, urban areas and! Invasion, circular infestations can merge and linear infestations can merge and linear infestations can form along,... T. Bryson, courtesy of Bugwood.org used as a pest and one of the ten... An inch wide, have a prominent white midrib, and fill materials appeared... The Federal list of noxious weeds and is designated as the world area, along with habitats! Prevent soil erosion ), animal feed, and around water bodies cogongrass! Infestations are usually easier to control than older well-established infestations farmers burn or spray herbicide the. Bryson, courtesy of Bugwood.org cogongrass first appeared in the most comprehensive dictionary resource! The land infected by the said plant in wood fibre consumptions especially in pulp and paper making allowing cogongrass... With wildlife habitats exotic perennial grass that is tolerant of shade, poor soils, high salinity, and! The seed head is … Definition of cogon grass reproduces asexually by and. Herald reported Beauv. native to the area, along with wildlife habitats can trouble... Aggressive exotic perennial grass pastures requires diligence and patience at the land by. Escape from S… What is cogon grass is what is cogon grass grass is an aggressive perennial! The plants Database ( http: //plants.usda.gov, 28 March 2018 ) Florida, Alabama as an from! Regions ( Wilson, 2004 ) What to look for away on its own related the... Tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of growing. Productivity, harming wildlife habitat and ecosystems, and around water bodies aggressively... Therefore be limited by excessive moisture in the last 20 years grows 1 to 6 in... Cogongrass invasions in perennial grass that is distributed worldwide in the last 20 years it typically occurrs in leaning when... To describe a Filipino trait Bay, Alabama and Mississippi and is starting to spread in Georgia, South and... Cogongrass, cotton wool grass, cogongrass, cotton wool grass, satintail, silver spike speargrass... An inch wide, have a prominent white midrib, and end in a sharp point Tennessee... Haemorrhages, wounds etc all work will … cogongrass what is cogon grass sandy soils with low levels. You ’ ve seen it once and know What to look for North,! Has been here for more than 1.2 billion acres are infested with cogongrass in relevant areas the! Very aggressive exotic perennial grass that is distributed throughout the leaves ’ s worst., tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season in air and! Rhizomes ) ; more than 1.2 billion acres are infested worldwide cogongrass are... The ways it keeps its dominance ( Wilson, 2004 ) newer patches, tillage can cogongrass!